One of the most dangerous ordeals the world is currently facing is nitrate exposure and output. One of the leading reasons for this is man-made synthetic fertilizers. Although these fertilizers,like urea, have a low cost and are quick and easy to use on plants, they release harmful gases which detriment the health of humans and animals. We believe that if we change the type of fertilizer in the soil and ensure that there is a required moisture level in the soil using our TFA (Tanks Farm Alarm) cloud-based automation system, then the plants with the TANKS fertilizer would grow to the tallest height. Our procedures consisted of using 4 crates with the following fertilizers: urea, Miracle Gro, kelp powder, and our TANKS fertilizer to measure plant growth; the TANKS fertilizer is composed of three elements (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) to implement the NPK ratio in our design; we built an automatic sprinkling system using sensors. We also met with several farms to gather feedback on our system. After conducting our experiment on our four fertilizer subjects, we noticed that the mean height of the TANKS fertilizer crate was 22.67 cm which was the largest mean compared to the other crates which had means of 17 cm, 7.67 cm, and 0 cm for kelp powder, Miracle Gro, and Urea respectively. Therefore, our cheap and organic TANKS fertilizer shows a higher growth rate amongst all the other fertilizers because of the array of well-researched ingredients that comprise it.
If we change the type of fertilizer in the soil and ensure that there is a required moisture level in the soil using our TFA (Tanks Farm Alarm) cloud-based automation system, then the plants with the TANKS fertilizer will grow to the tallest height.
From our extensive research and suggestions taken from interviews we engineered our own TANKS Fertilizer which comprises of three ingredients. These include Chicken Manure for Nitrogen, Dry beans powder for Phosphorus and Dried banana peels for Potassium with a NPK ratio of 10:5:5.
We also used Kelp powder and synthetic fertilizers like Miracle gro and Urea to Compare the Plant height to our own engineered fertilizer.
TANKS Fertilizer: This is mainly comprised of 3 ingredients
- One of the farms we visited, Red Wiggler farm recommended for us to use chicken manure as a fertilizer.
- Very high in nitrogen.
- It is the best manure to use.
- Too much chicken manure can burn or even kill plants as it turns soil more acidic.
3.Dried Banana Peels:
- Rich in potassium.
- Also contains micronutrients that help seed in germination.
- Also helps in blooming and growing.
Along with this, based on our problem statement, we also discovered about the lack of technology on local farms, and developed TFA(Tanks Farm Alarm) which is cloud based automation system, which is built with an Arduino Mega 2650 microprocessor, Raspberry Pi3, a bluetooth device and sensors like moisture, temperature, light, and pH.